In the United States, a Social Security number (SSN) is a unique nine-digit number issued to U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents. The number is issued to an individual by the Social Security Administration. Its primary purpose is to track individuals for taxation purposes. Social Security numbers are available only to those international students and scholars who have secured employment in the U.S. If you have previously applied for and been granted an SSN, this number is yours for life. You should not apply for a second number.
International students and scholars who are required to file a tax return, but who are not eligible for a social security number, may need to apply for an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN)
If you will be employed while in the U.S., you must apply for an SSN in person at the local Social Security Office. Prior to applying, you must check in with International Student Affairs. Please review instructions about how and where to apply for the SSN . After submitting the application to the Social Security Administration, you will receive a written notice with estimated processing time.
International students with on-campus employment in F-1 and J-1 status must request a Social Security Number letter from International Student Affairs.
Although an SSN may be requested for other services such as banking, utilities, cell phones, etc., it is only required for employment. For purposes other than employment, ask the service provider about acceptable alternative identification numbers or documents.