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Research Exposure Requirement
At its core, psychology is the empirical study of human
behavior. As such, it is vitally important that psychology
students be exposed to the scientific methods used in
psychology. As such, all students enrolled in PSYC 101
Introduction to Psychology are expected to complete a
research exposure requirement. To satisfy this
requirement, a student must earn research exposure
credits. These may be earned either by participating in
research studies or by reading articles relevant to
psychology and writing a short reaction paper about each
Credits required for fall 2013: 2 (two)
Research Participation: Each semester, Psychology
Department faculty and students conduct research studies
to test their hypotheses about human behavior. Students
may sign up for these studies to earn research credits.
Each credit represents one hour of research study
participation. These may be given in half-hour (0.5
credit) increments, depending on the length of the study.
(For example, a half-hour study will be worth 0.5 credits,
while a two-hour study would be worth 2 credits.) The
credit value of each study will be listed along with the
study name and description. You will use the online Sona system
to sign up for studies and keep track of your credits (see
Reaction Paper: As an alternative to research
participation, you may read an article relevant to
psychology and write a short reaction paper. The list of
acceptable articles appears below, and copies are on
reserve in the library. After reading the article, you
should write a two-page, typed, double-spaced reaction
paper containing your thoughts on and reaction to the
article. Each of these is worth one research participation
credit. These should be handed in to the Research Exposure
Coordinator, Dr. Chris Lovelace, at Stutzman-Slonaker room
Note that credits for research participation and reaction
papers may be combined, so long as they all add up to the
required number (above). For example, if the requirement
was 2 credits, you could participate in two half-hour
studies (each worth 0.5 credit) and write one reaction
paper (1 credit).
Failure to meet this requirement will result in one
full letter grade reduction (10%) in your final PSYC
Online Research Participation System
You may sign up for studies and keep track of your
research participation credits using the online Sona
system, available here:
A PDF copy of the handout you were given during class may
be gotten here:
User documentation (PDF file) may be found here: http://www.shepherd.edu/psychweb/new/Sona-Participant-Documentation.pdf
Ordinarily, a user account will be created for you at the
beginning of the semester. If that does not happen, then
you can create your own account by visiting that page and
clicking New Participant? at the bottom left. When
creating your own account, Enter your First Name and Last
Name as they likely appear in your PSYC 101 instructor’s
grade roll—this is how your instructor will identify you
so they can give you credit for completing this
assignment. Your User ID should be your Shepherd e-mail ID
(the part that comes before the @ sign in your e-mail
address). The Email Address you enter can be your Shepherd
e-mail, or it can be another account that you check
frequently. If you think your PSYC 101 instructor might
have trouble identifying you in their grade roll, you may
also enter your Student ID Number (e.g., if there might be
other students with the same name as you), but this is
optional. If you choose to provide a Telephone Number,
this will allow researchers to contact you should they
have to cancel a study at the last minute (which rarely
happens). Once you click the Request Account button, you
will receive an e-mail from the Sona system with your
login User ID and password. Keep these in a safe place, as
you will need them to access the system during the
for Reaction Papers
Copies of these articles are on reserve in the library at the Reserve Desk.
Bouchard, T., Lykken, D. McGue, M., Segal, N. & Tellegen, A. (1990). Sources of human psychological differences: The Minnesota study of twins reared apart. Science, 250, 223-229.
Darley, J. M. & Latane (1968). Bystander intervention in emergencies: Diffusion of responsibility. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 8, 377-383.
DiSalvo, D. (2010). Are social networks messing with your head? Scientific American Mind, 20 (7), 48-55.
Drury, J. & Reicher, S. D. (2010). Crowd control. Scientific American Mind, 21 (5), 58-65.
Fields, H. L. (2009). The psychology of pain. Scientific American Mind, 20 (5), 42-49.
Huff, D. (1954). How to lie with statistics. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. Extracts from the book.
Levine, A. & Heller, R. S. F. (2011). Get attached: The surprising secrets to finding the right partner for a healthy relationship. Scientific American Mind, 21 (6), 22-29.
Lilienfeld, S. O., Lynn, S. J., Ruscio, J, & Beyerstein, B. L. (2010). Busting big myths in popular psychology. Scientific American Mind, 21 (1), 42-49.
Loftus, E. F. (1975). Leading questions and the eyewitness report. Cognitive Psychology, 7, 560-572.
Macknik, S. L., Martinez-Conde, S., & Blakeslee, S. (2010). Mind over magic? Scientific American Mind, 21 (5), 22-29.
Masters, W. H. & Johnson, V. E. (1966). Human sexual response. Boston: Little, Brown.
Sacks, O. (1985). The man who mistook his wife for a hat and other clinical tales. New York: Touchstone. Extracts from the book.
Shaffer, L. & Merrens, M. R. (2004). Research stories for introductory psychology. Boston: Pearson. Chapter 20
Wenner, M. (2009). The serious need for play. Scientific American Mind, 20 (1), 22-29.