Compiled Military Service Records

Currently, our research associates have completed data entry of the service records of the soldiers who served in the 1st West Virginia Cavalry, the 4th West Virginia Cavalry, the 1st West Virginia Infantry, the 4th West Virginia Infantry, the 7th West Virginia Infantry, the 1st Regiment, West Virginia Light Artillery, and the 2nd Virginia Infantry (CS) (see age distribution chart). Currently, they are entering the service record data of the 12th Virginia Cavalry (CS) and the 2nd West Virginia Veteran Volunteer Infantry. Additionally, we have entered (into separate databases) data from the service records of all soldiers who served in West Virginia units and are buried in Antietam National Cemetery, Andersonville National Cemetery, and Gettysburg National Cemetery.
The origin of muster cards:  

In the 1890s, under the direction of Capt. Fred C. Ainsworth, the U. S. War Department compiled the military service records of Civil War soldiers from company muster rolls (normally made out every 2 months), and other regimental records. Since the rolls had become worn and frail from years of constant use, each entry on every record was copied on a separate card.








Source: The Union: A Guide to Federal Archives Relating to the Civil War, Munden and Beers, National Archives and Record Administration, Washington, DC.