Board of Governors Policy 19 (Sections 1-7)
TITLE: ACADEMIC FREEDOM, PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY, PROMOTION, AND TENURE
SECTION 1. GENERAL
1.1 Scope - This policy relates to academic freedom and responsibility, appointment, promotion, tenure, non-reappointment or dismissal of faculty, and grievance procedures for matters pertaining to faculty.
1.2 Authority - W. Va. Code § 18B-1-6 and §18B-2A-4
1.3 Effective Date January 10, 2002
SECTION 2. ACADEMIC FREEDOM AND PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY.
2.1. Academic freedom at this institution of higher education is necessary to enable the institution to perform its societal obligation as established by the Legislature. The Board recognizes that the vigilant protection of constitutional freedoms is nowhere more vital than in institutions of higher education. Faculty members and students must always remain free to inquire, study, and evaluate.
2.2. Through the exercise of academic freedom, members of the academic community freely study, discuss, investigate, teach, conduct research, and publish, depending upon their particular role at the institution. To all of those members of the academic community who enjoy academic freedom, there are, commensurate with such freedom, certain responsibilities. All faculty members shall be entitled to full freedom in research and in the publication of the results of such research, subject to the adequate performance of their other academic duties, which may include designated instruction, research, extension service, and other professional duties. Activity for pecuniary return that interferes with one's obligations to the institution should be based upon an understanding, reached before the work is performed, with the appropriate administrators of the institution. Further, each faculty member is entitled to freedom in the classroom in discussing the subject taught. In addition, when faculty members speak or write as citizens outside the institution, they shall be free from institutional censorship or discipline.
2.3. The concept of academic freedom is accompanied by an equally important concept of academic responsibility. A faculty member is a citizen, a member of a learned profession, and a representative of the educational institution. As such, a faculty member, together with all other members of the academic community, has the responsibility for protecting, defending, and promoting individual academic freedom for all members of the community. The faculty member has the responsibility of contributing to institutional and departmental missions in teaching, research, and service as defined by the institution. The faculty member is responsible also as a teacher for striving to speak with accuracy and with respect for the similar rights and responsibilities of others. In speaking only as an individual or for a limited group, the faculty member should not imply or claim to be a spokesperson for the institution.
2.4. In addition to meeting the primary responsibilities of addressing institutional missions in teaching, research, and service as defined by the institution, all faculty have an obligation to foster the quality, viability, and necessity of their programs. The financial stability of a program and recruitment of an adequate number of students depend in part on the faculty. The common goal of quality must be nurtured and responsibility for it shared by all. Integrity, objectivity, and service to the purposes and missions of the institution are expected.
2.5 Faculty interests and skills change, disciplines evolve, and new professions or fields of study emerge. All faculty members are responsible for remaining current in their disciplines. All are encouraged to explore opportunities for further developing a versatile range of knowledge and skills that are important to the institution. Through individual initiative and faculty development programs, faculty members are encouraged to grow in competency in their own disciplines and strengthen their interests in related fields.
2.6 As members of an academic community, faculty members also are expected to participate in decisions concerning programs and in program-review processes.
SECTION 3. FACULTY: RANKS AND DEFINITIONS.
3.1. The faculty shall be those appointees so designated by the President. The faculty may include, but are not limited to, such professional personnel as librarians, faculty equivalents, academic professionals, and those involved in off-campus academic activities.
3.2. Faculty may fall into one of the following classifications:
3.2.1. Tenured: Those faculty members who have attained tenure status as determined by the institutional procedures. Normally, tenured appointments are full-time (1.00 FTE or the equivalent, as determined by the institution) for the academic year.
188.8.131.52. Under special circumstances, if requested by the faculty member and approved, a full-time tenured appointment may be converted to a part-time tenured appointment for a specified time period, normally not to exceed one calendar year. At the conclusion of the approved time period or an approved extension thereof, the faculty member will return to a full-time tenured appointment or, if the faculty member chooses not to return to a full-time tenured appointment, the faculty member's employment will cease. This section does not apply to actions associated with phased retirement programs.
3.2.2. Tenure-Track: Those faculty members who have been appointed on a full-time (1.00 FTE or the equivalent, as determined by the institution) basis and have been designated as being in a tenure-track position.
184.108.40.206. Under special circumstances, if requested by the faculty member and approved, a full-time tenure-track appointment may be converted to a part-time tenure-track appointment for a specified time period, normally not to exceed one calendar year. At the conclusion of the approved time period or extension thereof, the faculty member will return to a full-time tenure-track appointment or, if the faculty member chooses not to return to a full-time tenure-track appointment, the faculty member's employment will cease. Time spent in a part-time tenure-track appointment will not normally apply to the calculation of the years of service for the purposes of tenure nor will it result in any de facto award of tenure.
3.2.3. Clinical-Track: Those faculty members who have been appointed and have been designated as being in a clinical-track position. Their appointment may be full-time (1.00 FTE or the equivalent, as determined by the institution) or part-time.
3.2.4. Librarian-Track: Those faculty members who have been appointed and have been designated as being in a librarian-track position. Their appointment may be full-time (1.00 FTE or the equivalent, as determined by the institution) or part-time.
3.2.5. Term: Those faculty members at the community and technical college who have been appointed for a specified term as defined by the institution. The appointment may be full-time (1.00 FTE or the equivalent, as determined by the institution) or part-time. While a full-time term faculty member is eligible to receive reappointment to additional terms, no single term may exceed three years. No number of term appointments shall create any presumption of a right to appointment as tenure-track or tenured faculty.
3.2.6. Non-tenure-Track: Those faculty members who have not been appointed in a tenure-track, clinical-track, librarian-track, term, or tenured status. Their appointment may be full-time (1.00 FTE or the equivalent, as determined by the institution) or part-time. Non-tenure-track faculty may also include faculty equivalents or academic professionals, whose primary duties are non-instructional, but who may hold a secondary appointment that is instructional in character. No number of Non-tenure-track appointments shall create any presumption of a right to appointment as tenure-track or tenured faculty.
3.3. Faculty appointed to tenured, tenure-track, or term positions shall be appointed in one of the following ranks:
3.3.2. Associate Professor;
3.3.3. Assistant Professor; or
3.4. Faculty appointed to clinical-track positions may be appointed to one of the following ranks:
3.4.1. Professor, with the designation of School of Medicine (SM), School of Dentistry (SD), or School of Nursing (SN);
3.4.2. Associate Professor, with the designation of School of Medicine (SM), School of Dentistry (SD), or School of Nursing (SN);
3.4.3. Assistant Professor, with the designation of School of Medicine (SM), School of Dentistry (SD), or School of Nursing (SN); or
3.4.4. Instructor, with the designation of School of Medicine (SM), School of Dentistry (SD), or School of Nursing (SN)
3.5. Faculty appointed to librarian-track positions may be appointed to one of the following ranks:
3.5.1. Librarian or Professor/Librarian;
3.5.2. Associate Librarian or Associate Professor/Librarian;
3.5.3. Assistant Librarian or Assistant Professor/Librarian; or
3.5.4. Staff Librarian or Instructor/Librarian
3.6. Clinical-track, librarian-track, and term faculty hold appointments that are not subject to consideration for tenure, regardless of the number, nature, or time accumulated in such appointments. Clinical-track, librarian-track, and term faculty appointments are only for the periods and for the purposes specified, with no other interest or right obtained by the person appointed by virtue of such appointment.
3.7. Other appropriate titles which more accurately indicate the nature of the position may be used.
3.8. Persons assigned full-time or part-time to administrative or staff duties may be appointed to, or may retain, one of the foregoing faculty ranks in addition to any administrative or staff title, following consultation with appropriate academic units. Such persons will be informed in writing at the time of the appointment whether the faculty rank is as a tenured, tenure-track, clinical-track, librarian-track, term, or non-tenure-track member of the faculty. Administrative or staff personnel who are not appointed to a faculty position are not faculty and therefore are not entitled to the protections provided by this policy.
3.9. Clinical-track, librarian-track, term, and Non-tenure-track faculty at all institutions hold non-tenurable appointments which may be part-time or full-time and are not subject to consideration for tenure, regardless of the number, nature, or time accumulated in such appointments. These appointments are for a specified period of time as set forth in the notice of appointment. Since the faculty member thus appointed is not on the tenure track, the notice provisions set out in Section 10.5 below do not apply.
3.11. Non-tenure-track appointments shall have one of the following titles:
3.11.1. Any of the faculty ranks, but designated visiting, research, clinical, extension, or adjunct, as applicable to describe the connection or function;
3.11.2. Lecturer or senior lecturer;
3.11.3. Assistant, designated as graduate, research, clinical, or adjunct, as applicable to describe the connection or function.
3.12. Non-tenure-track full-time (1.00 FTE or the equivalent, as determined by the institution) faculty appointments may be used only if one or more of the following conditions prevail:
3.12.1. The position is funded by a grant, contract, or other source that is not a part of the regular and on-going source of operational funding.
3.12.2. The appointment is for the temporary replacement of an individual on sabbatical or other leave of absence. Such appointments are outside tenure-track status, are subject to annual renewal, and normally may not exceed three years.
3.12.3. The appointment is for the purpose of filling an essential teaching post immediately, pending a permanent appointment through a regular search and screening process. Such appointments are outside tenure-track status, are subject to annual renewal, and normally may not exceed three years.
3.12.4. The position is temporary to meet transient instructional needs, to maintain sufficient instructional flexibility in order to respond to changing demand for courses taught, or to meet other institutional needs. The appointee is to be so notified at the time of the appointment. Such appointments are outside tenure-track status, are subject to annual renewal, and normally may not exceed six years.
3.12.5. The appointee is granted a primary appointment as an administrator or to perform other non-instructional duties, with a secondary appointment that is instructional in character. Any faculty rank or teaching would be considered temporary, renewable on an annual basis. The appointee must be notified in writing of the status of any faculty rank.
3.12.6. Appointment or reappointment to a Non-tenure-track full-time faculty position shall create no right or expectation of continued appointment beyond the one-year period of appointment or reappointment.
3.13. All tenured, tenure-track, clinical-track, librarian-track, term, and Non-tenure-track appointments will be made with consultation of appropriate faculty and other collegiate units.
3.14. Every faculty contract shall be for one fiscal year, or part thereof, in accordance with and in compliance with the annual budget of the institution, or supplementary actions thereto, as provided by law.
3.15. Every such contract shall be in writing, and a copy of the document shall be furnished to the person appointed. Such document shall contain the terms and conditions of the appointment, as delineated in Section 17 of this policy.
SECTION 4. FACULTY: TYPES AND CONDITIONS OF APPOINTMENT.
4.1. Full-time appointments to the faculty of the institution, other than those designated as clinical-track, librarian-track, term, or Non-tenure-track, shall be either tenured or tenure-track.
4.2. All clinical-track, librarian-track, term, and other Non-tenure-track appointments, as defined in Section 3 of this policy shall be neither tenured or tenure-track, but shall be appointments only for the periods and for the purposes specified, with no other interest or right obtained by the person appointed by virtue of such appointment.
4.3. The appointment of a person to a full-time position is made subject to the following conditions:
4.3.1. The appointee shall render full-time service. Outside activities, shall not be restricted unless such activities or employment interfere with the adequate performance of institutional duties. The institution expects its faculty to give full professional effort to assignments of teaching, research and service. It is, therefore, considered inappropriate to engage in gainful employment outside the institution that is incompatible with the faculty member's contractual commitment to the institution. Moreover, it is considered inappropriate to transact personal business from onešs institutional office when it interferes with institutional duties and responsibilities. The institution shall maintain a program of periodic review of outside services of appointees to guide faculty members.
4.3.2. If outside employment or service interferes with the performance of the regular institutional duties and responsibilities of the appointee, the institution has a right to (a) require the appointee to cease such outside employment or service which interferes with institutional duties and responsibilities of the appointee, (b) make such adjustments in the compensation paid to such appointee as are warranted by the appointee's services lost to the institution and by the appointee's use of institutional equipment and materials, or (c) dismiss for cause as set out in Section 12 below.
4.3.3. The College may permit and encourage a reasonable amount of personal professional activity, such as consulting, by a faculty member outside the faculty memberšs duties and responsibilities of employment by and for the institution, provided such activity: (1) further develops the faculty member professionally and (2) does not interfere with duties and responsibilities to the institution.
4.4. If the status of a faculty member changes from Non-tenure-track, clinical-track, librarian-track, or term to tenure-track, the time spent at the institution may, at the discretion of the President, be counted as part of the tenure-track period.
SECTION 5. JOINT INSTITUTIONAL APPOINTMENTS.
5.1. Faculty members may be appointed to perform academic duties at two or more public institutions of higher education in West Virginia, which duties may include teaching, research, counseling, or other services. For administrative purposes, one institution shall be designated the faculty member's "home institution," which institution shall be responsible for granting promotions, raises in salary, and tenure: Provided, however, that when cause therefore shall occur, appropriate counseling, disciplinary action, and the like shall be the responsibility of the institution where the occurrence arose.
5.2. The conditions and the details of the faculty member's joint appointment, including the designation of the "home institution," and any other arrangements, shall be specified in the agreement between the faculty member and the institutions sharing the faculty member's services. A joint appointment will be made only with consent of the faculty member.
5.3. Full-time faculty members of Shepherd College appointed under joint or contractual appointments shall continue to be considered full-time employees of Shepherd College.
SECTION 6. EMERITUS STATUS.
6.1. Emeritus status is an honorary title that may be awarded to a retiring faculty member or administrator for extended meritorious service. The criteria, procedures and emoluments shall be set forth with other faculty personnel policies.
SECTION 7. PROMOTION IN RANK.
7.1. Within the following framework, the baccalaureate college and the community and technical college shall each maintain, in cooperation with the faculty or duly-elected representatives of the faculty, guidelines and criteria for promotion in rank for tenured, tenure-track, clinical-track, librarian-track, term, and non-tenure track faculty:
7.1.1. There shall be demonstrated evidence that promotion is based upon a wide range of criteria, established in conformance with this document and appropriate to the mission of the institution. Examples might be: excellence in teaching; publications and research; professional and scholarly activities and recognition; accessibility to students; adherence to professional standards of conduct; effective service to the institution, college, or department; significant service to the community; experience in higher education and at the institution; possession of the earned doctorate, special competence, or the highest earned degree appropriate to the teaching field; continued professional growth; and service to the people of the State of West Virginia. Ultimate authority regarding the application of guidelines and criteria relating to promotion shall rest with the President.
7.1.2. There shall be demonstrated evidence that, in the process of making evaluations for promotions, there is participation of persons from several different groups, such as: peers from within and without the particular unit of the institution, supervisory administrative personnel such as the department/division chairperson, and students.
7.1.3. There shall be no practice of granting promotion routinely or solely because of length of service, or of denying promotion capriciously.
7.1.4. The institution shall provide copies of its institutional guidelines and criteria for promotion to the Policy Commission and shall make available such guidelines and criteria to its faculty.
7.2. Promotion shall not be granted automatically, but shall result from action by the institution, following consultation with the appropriate academic units.